Story of Israel ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ| Jerusalem| Israel ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ & UAE ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ช Deal |Israel Palestine conflict |

Recently, Israel and UAE signed a deal. In the wake of this deal Trump administration called it an ‘Abrahamic deal’. This deal had outraged several Islamic countries for instance Pakistani Govt. in a statement said that it will not recognize Israel, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbasi called it “A betrayal by friends” and recalled ambassador from UAE, Turkey, Iran and Hamas in Gaza have also opposed this deal.

Significance of this Deal:-

UAE till now refused to recognize Israel as a country, with this deal this situation is now reversed. So, this deal can also be considered as a peace deal between the two countries.

In order, to understand the fuss about the deal and issues of Israel with Arab world or Muslim countries, we need to understand the historic context.

Historical Context:-

Why this region has seen so much violence and what is the importance of this placeโ€ฆ??

To find an answer to this question, we’ll have to understand the importance of Jerusalem. Religious importance of this place is equally important for Muslims, Christians and Jews. In the centre of these religious beliefs is Prophet ‘Abraham’ and ‘Jerusalem’. Prophet ‘Abraham’ is the common patriarch of the Abrahamic religions, including Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Jewish community calls him as Avraham, As per Jewish belief Prophet Avraham started his journey from here. Muslims refer to him as ‘Hazrat Abrahim’ he is one of the messengers of god, As per Muslims, Al-Aqsa Mosque is situated in Jerusalem and Harzrat Mohommad started Islam form this mosque. Christians refer to him as Abraham and Jerusalem is their ‘karma Bhumi’ as Jesus Christ was crucified here. All three religions in their own ways are related to Prophet ‘Abraham’ and this place. These differing views and beliefs are also reasons for conflict among these communities.

Till about 6th century the place where present day Israel is, was under the occupation of Rome. After that this place was under Islamic rule. Up until the early 1900s Palestine was part of ottoman empire. People from multiple faiths like Christians, Muslims and Jews used to live here.

Zionist movement:-

Main struggle for the state of Israel started with political Zionist movement which started in Europe: it was a movement that sought to establish a separate Jewish state in Palestine. It’s important to understand that it was a
political movement, although the Zionist movement was already in practice. As a result, of this movement from 1881 to 1903, the Jews had purchased about 350,000 dunams of land. They also emphasized on the revival of the Hebrew language in the ottoman ruled Palestine.

End of Ottoman Empire & First World War:-

Ottoman empire collapsed after the first world war. In this war Ottoman Empire sided with German block. War ended in 1918. Ottoman Empire and its block faced defeat. Winners of the war Britain, France, Greece and Russia divided parts of Ottoman Empire among themselves. Palestine came under British rule. By this time Britain was already a supporter of Jewish homeland in Palestine. This is proved by ‘Balfour Declaration’. After this the number of Jews coming and settling in the region grew. Due to this the discomfort and tensions between the Arabs and Jews grew.

Because of the violence between the two sides Britain decided that UN will be best placed to resolve this issue. UN approved the plan to split Palestine in two: –

  1. Israel for Jews
  2. Palestine for Arabs

The city of Jerusalem which is a holy place for Christians, Muslims and Jews is now a UN controlled international zone. Jews accepted this plan and declared independence in 1948. However, Arab and Muslim countries still object to this settlement as ‘land grab’. This resistance led to the first Arab-Israeli war. Israel won the war and the land was divided into three parts: –

  1. Jordan occupied the west bank and East Jerusalem
  2. Egypt occupied Gaza
  3. Israel took over 78% of the Palestine including west Jerusalem.

Six-Day War:-

The Six-Day War, also known as the June War, was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 by Israel and the neighbouring states of Jordan and Egypt and Syria. After the end of this war Palestine was completely occupied by Israel. After this Israelis started settling in Gaza and west Bank, which led to the Israeli And Palestinian struggle and the formation of PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization). Their main goal is to liberate Palestine from Israel.

After years of fight between the two sides. PLO accepted the offer to divide land between Israel and palatine. However, this didnโ€™t settle the things and after fighting again for years Hamas was created. Hamas is a political
movement to fight against the Israeli occupation in west bank and Gaza.

In year 2005, Israel withdrew from Gaza, but it still has settlements in west bank. Currently, Hamas and PLA have split, right now PLA has some settlement in West bank and Gaza has Hamas leadership.

formidable Israel :-

Israel is the only Jew country in the world with the population 88.8 lakhs. As they face several challenges from neighbouring countries they concentrated in following areas to become one of most formidable nations: –

  • Science & Technology
  • Intelligence wing like Mossad
  • Strong armed forces (In the population of 88.8 lakh, 30 lakhs are from armed forces, 50% of these are women)
  • Nuclear weapons